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The nembutsu (nenbutsu) is “Namu Amida Butsu,” which is variously translated as “All Hail Amida Buddha” or "Oh Compassionate Amida Buddha." Hōzō fulfilled the vows and thereafter became Amida Nyorai.For a few more details on Hōzō Bosatsu, please click here. Morrell says it is a “remarkable accident of history” that a Pure Land school devoted to Amida was not introduced to Japan along with the original Six Nara Sects (Nara Era = 710 to 793 AD), for faith in Amida was known in Japan already by Prince Shotoku’s time (573 - 621 AD).Buddhism arrived later in Japan, in the 6th and 7th centuries AD.By the Heian Era (794-1192), Amida worship had gained some favor among the Japanese court, scholars, and monasteries.Only in the Kamakura Era (1185-1333 AD) do we see the pronounced emergence of the Pure Land sects devoted to Amida.) can be traced back to the Six Dynasties Period in China (317-589 AD).One practice of particular note was the so-called 90-Day Circumambulation, in which devotees walked constantly around an effigy of Amida, and without letup, chanted the name of Amida Buddha while meditating upon the deity.
Famous examples of Amida art include Amida & Bosatsu on Clouds at Byōdō-in Temple (near Kyoto) and the Big Buddha statue (in Kamakura).
Those who live in Amida’s Western Pure Land of Bliss (Jōdo 浄土 or Gokuraku 極楽, a land devoid of worry or toil), can focus their energies on attaining Buddhahood.
Here, in the Pure Land, they have escaped the Six States of Existence -- they are no longer trapped in the cycle of birth and death (Skt.
This was an all-encompassing concept of society’s rise and fall that originated much earlier in Indian Buddhism but came to prominence later in China and then Japan.
It foretold of the world’s ultimate decay and the complete disappearance of Buddhist practice.