In an acute back injury muscle spasms initially protect the back from further injury by preventing movement.
But muscle spasms also cause pain, reduce blood flow and delay healing. This may be beneficial if they are taken at bedtime.
: Good for reducing the initial inflammation of acute back strain or sprain. Wrap ice in a cloth and apply to area of back pain for 20 minutes every three to four hours.
(Do not apply ice for over 20 minutes at a time to avoid frostbite) After 4 or 5 days, heat can be applied. Heat can be in the form of hot water bottles, heating pads, or a hot shower or bath.
: Low-impact aerobic exercise tones the muscles that support the lower back without causing undue stress to the lower back.
When one treatment provides partial but not sufficient relief of back pain, a combination of treatments may be needed.Some CAM therapies have more evidence than others of effectiveness and safety for the condition being treated.Chiropractic and massage therapy are popular complementary treatments for back pain.In the lower spine, pain may radiate down the buttocks into the leg.In the neck, pain may radiate down the shoulders and arm.