Dating hebrew scriptures
The Society's next discussion of "absolute dates" is found in the 1963 book All Scripture Is Inspired of God and Beneficial. The last of these is from The Encyclopedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, Vol. It is not clear from this reference that the Eleventh Edition was published in 19.
Although the earlier book allows that secular history may prove the actual date of a biblical event, the later edition leaves the question open by giving no criteria for determining what is a "sound basis for acceptance." This allows the Society the option of picking and choosing among secular evidences for those that support its notions -- the smorgasbord approach to scholarship. The pagan record was made by King Nabonidus, and it has been dated by him in what is known as the Nabonidus Chronicle, discovered in 1879.... It was only stated that recognized authorities supported the date. On page 268 it discussed "absolute dates" and said: For calculating Hebrew Scripture dates, the absolute date of October 5 to 6 in the year 539 B. That was concerning the time when the Medes and Persians under Cyrus the Great... This, in turn, enables modern scholars, with their knowledge of astronomy, to translate these dates into terms of the Julian or Gregorian calendars. has been inserted by translators." [May 15, 1971 Watchtower, p. Here are some other references: The 1990 All Scripture book said on page 283 that "the Nabonidus Chronicle gives the month and day of the city's fall (the year is missing)." The Aid book mentioned on page 1197 (subject "Nabonidus") that "it may be noted that the phrase 'seventeenth year' does not appear on the tablet, that portion of the text being damaged." The Insight book, Vol.A comparison of the 1963 All Scripture book with the 1990 edition demonstrates why the terminology has changed. The Nabonidus Chronicle gives the month and day of the city's fall (the year is missing). It is not entirely clear what "the Babylonian tablets" refer to, since there are many categories of such, like business and administrative documents, historical narratives, astronomical diaries, etc. Included as a sort of appendix was a list, or canon, of kings and the lengths of their reigning years, which served as a chronological scale for his astronomical data. It did not pretend to give a complete list of all the rulers of either Babylon or Persia, nor the exact month or day of the beginning of their reigns, but it was a device which made possible the correct allocation into a broad chronological scheme of certain astronomical data which were then available. for the Jews' return from captivity, are well established. The Society changed many of its ideas as a result of the research. The August 15, 1968 Watchtower published a series of three articles that amounted to a major position statement on chronology in connection with establishing 1975 as the end of 6000 years of human history. This important find was discovered in ruins near the city of Baghdad in 1879, and it is now preserved in the British Museum. The article correctly states that the fixing of 539 is based on the Chronicle, not that the Chronicle directly states the date.The earlier book said on page 281, under the sub-title "Absolute Dates": Reliable Bible chronology is based on certain pivotal dates. Secular chronologers have thus set the date for the fall of Babylon as... "Ptolemy" refers to the writings in Claudius Ptolemy's famous astronomical work, the Almagest (c. The list has come to be called "Ptolemy's canon," and includes kings that ruled Babylon, Persia, etc., down to Ptolemy's time in the 2nd century A. Kings whose reigns were less than a year and which did not embrace the new year's day were not mentioned in the canon." This is why, for example, the Babylonian king Labashi-Marduk, who reigned only two or three months, is not mentioned in the canon. Interestingly, the September 15, 1965 Watchtower forgot about the intermediate calculations leading from the fall of Babylon in 539 B. However, there were still many holes in the arguments on chronology. This was the year that the Medes and Persians overthrew Babylon and it was definitely established in secular history when a record was found of King Nabonidus, the father and coregent of King Belshazzar. On page 488 the first article stated a fine principle: [An absolute] date must be one where sacred and secular historical events coincide and are linked in perfect agreement with current methods of measuring time distances.... A translation of this finding was published by Sidney Smith in... This point was missed in all of the earlier publications. Finegan is quoted about the Nabonidus Chronicle, but he clearly states in his book that the "exact dates" he refers to are the day and month, not the year.The reference did not have to be concealed, for it could have been cited in the manner the Insight book did on page 457 in two places: "The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1911, Vol. The quoted material leaves out another clue as to how long the Society had been concealing information about 539 B. All Scripture quotes from Britannica: Why the war with Babylon, which had become inevitable, was delayed until 539, we do not know.Here too Cyrus in a single campaign destroyed a mighty state.